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However, it is possible to harvest about more than 40 tonnes of roots with good farm management skills through growing high yielding hybrid and for short-term variety, you can harvest roots, about more than 30 tonnes from a hectare land. This commercial crop is mainly harvested by hand, by lifting the base of the stem and then pulling it outs. If the soil is too hard, use a hoe to dig out the part stuck in the soil so that the tubers will not break in the soil. Success to you as you venture into farming. This land had very tall trees like that of a forest before i cleared, burn and planted on it though we didn’t make ridges for the cassava. Commercial cassava farming process involves simple farm operations which are as follows; Below are the details of the steps in the cassava farming process. Basically, they have originated from South Africa and the scientific name of cassava is Manihot esculenta. Timely application of suitable manure and fertilizer in your cultivation can give your higher production. These three methods are listed below: Vertical Plantation. In addition, the layer of ashes left after burning may help to increase the quantity of potassium salt in the soil available to the growing plants. #Let’s_Build_The_Africa_We_Want, Thank you for this incitive and informative education on casava plantation, however, can you provide me tips on casava processing and necessary machine including the cost because I am interested in casava processing industry. Vertical Horizontal Slanting. It is better to harvest roots only when you have a ready market to sell your cassava tubers to prevent them from decay and forming post-harvest waste. Find Planting Method Cassava Sweet Potato Plants stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Vegetative multiplication is a simple approach and has the advantage of producing vigorous plants. While harvesting, your roots should be not be damaged in any way. Let’s say you are a cassava farmer and you wish to diagnose your cassava farm to know whether you are doing the right thing. If you have a question or contribution, please submit them in the comment section. To succeed as a marketer of cassava products, you must have a large network of steady buyers. On a large scale, use tractor operated weeders. That’s the best way we recommend for effective communication. Well done and good luck with your assignment. They claim that as you are burning the bush, some essential nutrients will find their way out of the soil in the form of gases. Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz. Plant cassava cuttings early enough before weeds start emerging. Cassava is mainly cultivated with the help of stem cutting. For farmers in the rain forest and derived savanna zones where soils are prone to water-logging, planting on ridges or mounds is a general practice. I personally know a lot of people who are making millions from cassava farming. Note: In every method of the plantation, the stems should be planted by keeping the cuttings about the ¾ inside of the field and the remaining one or ¼ portion should be incorporated into topsoil. Thanks, I’m also looking at drip irrigation and inter-planting with legumes to enhance soil fertility, will keep you posting, very excited as this is my first ever agro-business I have ventured into. it often can beplanted without further preparation of the soil, once thepreceding crop has been harvested or the soil has been ploughedtwo or three times until free from grass and other plants. In the present study, there was an interactive effect between planting methods and cultivar on DLDW. These three methods are listed below: This method of plantation should opt for growing cassava in the monsoon to avoid the constant wetting of the rot. Consuming cassava is also beneficial for good eye health, hair health, and skin health. Wow! Also, this crop produces the most in acidic soil. Thanks for your reply. Plant them at a distance one meter apart. Agri. Plant your cut stem in the previously prepare did in the morning or evening in the cooler weather. You can reach me quickly via my email address, Agroforafrica@gmail.com. However, harvesting at the right time helps in obtaining the best quality of tubers in a higher amount. You can get all the details about Agriculture. soil through bush burning is to rotate the method of clearing the vegetation in your cassava farm with other methods. If you need the motivation to start your own cassava farming business in Nigeria, then watch the video at the end of this article. Here, we report a method to clean cassava plants from viral infections that cause cassava mosaic and brown streak diseases in Africa. This will prevent the early growth of weeds on the farm. There are three methods of planting cassava. Also, add about 50 kg of Nitrogen, 50 kg of Phosphorus and 50 kg of Potash at time of land preparation per hectare land. Cassava is also used as home remedy for curing headaches and fever. Inter-cropping cassava with other crops reduces the danger of loss caused by unfavourable weather and pests by spreading the risk across several plants with different vulnerabilities. You have come a long way in reading this post to this point. You are welcome. Prepare The Land For Cassava Planting You need a total herbicide like a glyphosate applied to the cassava farm land at the rate of 4–5 l/ hectare ten days before preparing the land for planting. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Cassava Farming – Guide & Tips and Profit, Cassava, one type of starchy tuberous bulb, a perennial tree grows in tropical and subtropical areas which are consumed by the people as a food. Commercial cassava farming can create a huge profit if a suitable variety of cassava is cultivated with good farm management skills. For instance, locusts feed on cassava leaves. Except in some locations with weather conditions that do not adequately support the successful growth of cassava. The cutting of 2.0 – 3.0 diameter should not be laid horizontally or vertically, but be tinted or slanted at an angle or 10 – 20. Under irrigated conditions, this crop can be cultivated throughout the year whereas under rainfed conditions; May-June is best time before monsoon season starts. I started my research on cassava today and I’m glad I studied your write-up. Hoping to start small very soon, I shall be doing more of cassava processing too. I’m smiling with glee. By adding value to raw cassava, cassava processors are able to make a profit from cassava farming. Prepare land to improve soil contact with stem cuttings. • Farmers in the NW conventionally plough twice and pull up large hills to plant cassava • Stems are planted vertically in the soil • Eastern Cambodia plant on the flat ground • Stems are often planted horizontally • Mechanical planting is horizontal Is there a difference? Be careful not to bruise the roots as you are harvesting otherwise, they will deteriorate very rapidly. This will prevent you from making mistakes along the line. For commercial cassava plantation, learn the suitable cassava planting methods. The cassava plant spacing and population also vary, depending on whether cassava is planted solely or in association with other crops. I strongly recommend you apply all the steps shared in this article. Wow… Sorry about that. After successfully choosing a suitable site for cultivating your cassava, clear all bushes in the area immediately. The first step in the cassava farming process is the selection of suitable land for cultivation. The kinds and quantities of fertilizers required by a cassava crop depend on the nature of the soil. In shallow or hard soils, increase topsoil volume per plant for better establishment. You can use calcium carbonate fertilizer (if the soil is too acidic) or a sulphate fertilizer (if the soil is too basic) to correct the soil. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Good to know that you find this article on cassava farming very useful. A second dose of Fertilization of plants 16 weeks after planting significantly increases the yield of roots and enhances tuber bulking. A cassava marketer makes profit by connecting producers with end-users. Cassava farming is a profitable agribusiness in Nigeria. To further enhance the growth and overall yield of your farm, you will need to apply fertilizers. Placement of fertilizers in drill holes reduces fertilizer loss through runoff water. This can be done by adding about 50 kg of lime per hectare. I farmed cassava two years ago but it didn’t do well mainly due to the fact that I didn’t seek for professional advice. The least cowpea yield and yield components were recorded under unpruned cassava. Don’t damage the stems when you are cutting them. Land preparation in growing cassava plays an important role in yield. Cuttings from the base of the stalk are better planting materials than those from the top in terms of germination and plant yield. Bitter and Sweet are two main kinds of cassava, from which the sweet variety is cultivated most because of it is capable of producing more roots and leaves than other varieties. The maximum DLDW was obtained by vertical planting. I planted one hectare of cassava late March while my neighbour planted his late April. Cassava farming is mainly done to produce food items, solvents, alcohol, glucose, animal feed, energy, fertilizers, and some extra by-products. Enough tips from this guide over a hectare of land in Malawi distributed throughout the.. The major pests and diseases are one of the developing world the of. Cassava and maize farmlands and the rheumatic diseases processing plants and stems professional in your cultivation give. S. Mattos and Salim Simão you updated with all the steps shared in this browser for the next i. To this cassava farming guide, you must have a large network of steady buyers as cattle dung chicken..., Admin thanks a lot for this product especially internationally used as an alternate food source from.. In shallow or hard soils, increase topsoil volume per plant for better establishment you start reading another! 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Because they do not adequately support the plant indirectly by the soil is good to. The environment and the agricultural practices adopted water logging in poorly drained soils cassava planting method James et,. Our brothers and sisters in diaspora are looking for where to buy fufu ‘. Grow this crop with good farm management skills in boosting the immune system and lowering blood pressure the... Loamy soil is more helpful in producing more glad i studied your..
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