[92] There, she participated in the group's programs which included teaching immigrant women English, job and homemaking skills. An office boy working at the Standard Oil headquarters was given the job of destroying records which included evidence that railroads were giving the company advance information about refiner's shipments. She exposed the corruption of big businesses, especially those that violated trust laws. [92], Tarbell and the other editors decided to sell The American Magazine to the Crowell Publishing company in 1911. [97], Tarbell wrote for the Red Cross magazine and interviewed Parisians about how the war had affected them. Join Facebook to connect with Ida Tarbell and others you may know. What were Ida B Wells hobbies? [26], Tarbell returned to Pennsylvania, where she met Theodore L. Flood, editor of The Chautauquan, a teaching supplement for home study courses at Chautauqua, New York. I am mad, though, because I am going to miss the log house, farm animals and flowers. Tarbell attended lectures at the Sorbonne—including those on the history of the French Revolution, 18th-century literature, and period painting. Oil Creek had flooded and inflammable material on the water had ignited and exploded. Willard. [71] John Huston Finley quit his job as president of Knox College and became an editor for McClure's. [57], Tarbell's research in the backwoods of Kentucky and Illinois uncovered the true story of Lincoln's childhood and youth. [52] He overstayed his visit, missed his train, and had to borrow $40 from Tarbell to travel on to Geneva. [142] When conducting and presenting the details about Standard Oil's business practices she wanted to present her materials as historical documentation and narrative. The members of South Improvement Company received discounts and rebates to offset the rates and put the independents out of business. Search DSpace. [97] She also traveled to the countryside to interview farmers living in the wreckage of their former homes. Ida Tarbell - Ida Minerva Tarbell (November 5, 1857 – January 6, 1944) was an American writer, investigative journalist, biographer and lecturer. [46], Tarbell had an active social life in Paris. The muckrakers were American journalists who criticized the business and political practices of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. She helped form the Authors’ League (now the Author's Guild) and was President of the Pen and Brush Club for 30 years. [44], Tarbell returned from Paris in the summer of 1894, [53] and, after a visit with family in Titusville, moved to New York City. "[21] Tarbell was especially interested in the sciences, and she began comparing the landscape around her in Pennsylvania to what she was learning in school. [111] Tarbell lectured throughout the United States on subjects from the evils of war, peace, politics, trusts, tariffs, labor and labors of women. 5 in a 1999 list by New York University of the top 100 works of 20th-century American journalism. [111] Tarbell often served as a go-between with the Men's Council and the Woman's Committee. [124] Historian and Professor of History at the University of New Hampshire, Ellen F. FitzPatrick, called Tarbell one of the great American journalists of the 20th century. Rather, her biggest obstacle was the craft of journalism as practiced at the turn of the twentieth century. "[92] Bà là một trong những muckraker hàng đầu của kỷ nguyên tiến bộ cuối thế kỷ 19 và đầu thế kỷ 20 và là người tiên phong trong báo chí điều tra. [112] Tarbell was exhausted at the end but went on to sign up for more over the next few years. Biography of Lydia Maria Child, Activist and Author, Black History and Women Timeline 1920-1929, Biography of John D. Rockefeller, America's First Billionaire, 27 Black American Women Writers You Should Know, Biography of Angela Davis, Political Activist and Academic, African American History Timeline: 1970 to 1979, Biography of Georgia Douglas Johnson, Harlem Renaissance Writer, Biography of Maria W. Stewart, Groundbreaking Lecturer and Activist, Biography of Willa Cather, American Author, M.Div., Meadville/Lombard Theological School. [120], Tarbell was approached by Arthur Schlesinger Sr. to contribute to his series A History of American Life in 1923. [4][20][26] The school was both a high school and provided continuing education courses for local teachers. [95][120], Tarbell completed a series of articles on Benito Mussolini for McCall's magazine in the 1920s. [55] Tarbell took on the role of the magazine's Paris representative. [130][131] Muckrakers like Tarbell and Upton Sinclair, on the other hand, wrote detailed, thoroughly verified, and accurate descriptions of the social issues of their day,[131][132] laying the groundwork for legal changes, ethical standards in journalism, and what is now known as investigative journalism. Tarbell also wrote several biographies over the course of her career which spanned 64 years. "[64], The series was another McClure's story meant to compete against a Century Magazine series which had been written by Lincoln's private secretaries, John Nicolay and John Hay. [90] However Tarbell's articles when collected in the book, The History of the Standard Oil Company (1904). The young man happened to notice his Sunday school teacher's name on several documents. She referred to "this classification of muckraker, which I did not like. As the muckraking journalist of McClure's Magazine who helped focus national attention on the trust problem in the first decade of the twentieth century, Ida M. Tarbell is forever linked with the reforming spirit of the Progressive Era. Indeed, she invented a new form of journalism. [137] Tarbell double-checked the Lincoln articles for accuracy by sending them out to those whose information she had included. about Abraham Lincoln; View Item; JavaScript is disabled for your browser. "[64] At the same time, however, Tarbell had been fascinated with Lincoln since she was a young girl. Ida Minerva Tarbell (November 5, 1857 – January 6, 1944) was an American writer, investigative journalist, biographer and lecturer. "[103], Tarbell collected her essays on women and published them in a book called The Business of Being a Woman. John D. Rockefeller . [83][84] The series and book on Standard Oil brought Tarbell fame. [143] When a chapter was finished and handed in, she reviewed the material again and rearranged its order for her next installment. [120] Her former colleague, Viola Roseboro, remarked after meeting up with Tarbell in Italy, "I heard her let go about that dimple several times. Ida Tarbell was an accomplished and prominent woman in America between 1870 and 1912. [106] The book, which was poorly received, contained tributes to early supporters of women including Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. [26] Tarbell began her career as headmistress at Poland Union Seminary in Poland, Ohio in August 1880. One review was titled, "The Taming of Ida Tarbell," and accused her of falling in with her sworn enemy, big business. It was not until years later, as her tremors worsened and affected her handwriting, that she finally learned of the diagnosis. [57], It was at this time that Tarbell decided to be a writer and not an editor. Ida Tarbell is on Facebook. [111] Tarbell joined the Chautauqua Science and Literary Circuit, a lecture and entertainment tour filled with public speakers, singers and other acts such as trained dogs and yodelers. Ida Tarbell (November 5, 1857–January 6, 1944) was a critic of corporate power and muckraking journalist. Ida Tarbell was een Amerikaanse journalist die vooral bekend stond om haar baanbrekende onderzoeksrapportage die leidde tot het uiteenvallen van het monopolie van de Standard Oil Company. Management of production, encouraging its use in home economics compelling style regular report on `` the Truth motivations... Happy to go to Paris where she studied at the turn of the public and the! 7 ] Franklin had to abandon the Iowan House and return to Pennsylvania were socially active, entertaining prohibitionists women! To write profiles for McClure 's Rockefeller formed the Standard Oil, Oil Company ( 1904 ),! Company was listed as no wrote to and interviewed Parisians about how the War had affected.! 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